In Pranayama, breathing is elevated to a controlled, extended process of exhalation and inhalation. This generates the cosmic energy of prana, the life force that provides the strength, power, and vitality required for any activity - B.K.S. Iyengar
Pranayama is generally defined as breath control. Although this interpretation may seem correct in view of the practices involved, it does not convey the full meaning of the term. The word pranayama is comprised of two roots: 'prana' plus 'ayama'. Prana means vital energy or life force. It is the force that exists in all things, whether animate or inanimate. Although closely related to the air we breathe, it is more subtle than air or oxygen. Therefore, pranayama should not be considered as mere breathing exercises aimed at introducing extra oxygen into the lungs. Pranayama utilizes breathing to influence the flow of prana in the nadis or energy channels of the pranamaya kosha or energy body.
The word Yama means to control and is used to denote various rules codes of conduct. However, this is not the word that is joined to prana to form pranayama; the correct word is Ayama which has far more implications. Ayama is defined as an extension or expansion. Thus, the word pranayama means extension or expansion of the dimension of prana. The techniques of pranayama provide the method whereby the life force can be activated and regulated in order to go beyond one's normal boundaries or limitations and attain a higher state of vibratory energy and awareness.
The different practices of pranayama involve various techniques which utilize these four aspects of breathing.
It is said that the mind and the breath are one's constant companions. Where there is a breath, there the mind is focused, and where there is an active mind, so is the breath focused. The practice of pranayama seeks to quiet the mind, bringing it under control through the deep and rhythmic flow of inhalations and exhalations.
The pranayamic breath has a sound of its own: Soham. The sound of the inhalation is "as" and that of the exhalation is "ham". "Soham" has been interpreted as "He, I am and I am He". During pranayama, concentration is drowned solely to the action of the breath, and it is this attentive awareness of the breath that leads to the art of dhyana, or meditation.
The art of inhaling not only focuses the mind on the breath, but also brings one into contact with their essence, or soul. With the retention of the breath during the inhalation, the soul becomes wedded to the body. This is the divine union of the soul with our nature or body. During the process of exhalation, the soul re-enters into an unfathomable space. The mind dissolves and the divine marriage of Prakriti, the body, and Purusha, the soul, occurs.
Just as the practice of asanas, or poses, is seen as the yoga in action, developing the individual's knowledge of the body, mind, and consciousness, the practice of pranayama is said to lead on towards the path of love minus lust, which is known as Bhakti Marga. Among the eight limbs of yoga, pranayama is therefore seen as the heart of the practice.
The best time to practice pranayama is down when the body is fresh and the mind is very few impressions. If this is not possible, another good time is just after sunset. Try to practice regularly at the same time and place each day. Do not be in a hurry. Practice before eating in the morning or wait for at least three to four hours after meals before starting pranayama. Practice in a quiet, clean and pleasant room, which is well ventilated but not draughty. Pranayama should be performed after shatkarmas and asanas, and before meditation practice.
Nadi Shodana pranayama for beginners 12 minutes youtube video is here.
Nadi Shodana Pranayama with antar kumbakha 17 minutes youtube video is here.
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